Upon arrival at the focus group location, participants were first informed about the nature of the study and all associated risks and benefits. Following the recommendations of Krueger , the focus group protocol consisted of five generally worded questions about heterosexual anal intercourse with male partners, how often it had occurred in their lifetime, the frequency of anal intercourse with their current or most recent sexual partner, the context in which the anal intercourse event took place type of partner, such as new, casual, and regular , the role of alcohol and illicit substances in facilitating the anal intercourse, and other relevant characteristics of the male partners known to be bisexual, previous incarceration history and any other information the women were willing to provide concerning the anal intercourse event itself e. The demographic questionnaire was followed by a description of focus group procedures and ground rules.
Among people who had HAI in the past year, those who had HAI at last sex were more likely to have a partner who was HIV-positive or of unknown status or to have exchanged money or drugs for sex at last sex. All omissions and discrepancies were then discussed by the coders, and a consensus approach was used to assign final codes. Dedoose was used to assess inter-rater reliability utilizing a random selection of one-third of the excerpts created by the second author. The incentive format cash or gift card and amount varied by city based on formative assessment and local policy. Focus groups were also preferred by the participating outpatient drug treatment program because participants were familiar with group activities and settings. Interest in anal intercourse has also come from research in human immunodeficiency virus HIV transmission. It is important to characterize the groups with higher prevalence of this behavior, and, among those who are engaging in this behavior, what appears to influence condom use, in order to better tailor prevention messages. For this analysis, the sample was restricted to only men and women who completed the interview with valid responses as assessed by the interviewer, were of low SES, and did not report being HIV-positive. There have been several published theories as to the reason for a rise in popularity and we can hopefully assume it's not an increase in the number of people Googling Rick Santorum. The riskiness of AI was assessed within relationship contexts. Through these traditional gender roles and sexual scripts e. Negative emotional experiences of AI included feelings of shame, disgust, and being offended by something her male partner did, such as spitting on his penis for lubrication. The proportion non-Hispanic white varied from 0. Anonymous HIV testing was offered to all participants and was conducted following the interview. Gender and power theory, which focuses on the sexual division of labor, sexual division of power, and social norms associated with relationships between men and women, may also inform our understanding of heterosexual anal intercourse Connell, Though there's no telling what he'd say about the implications of the practice between heterosexual partners, Paul Angelo, a Miami-based "gay matchmaker," reportedly called for a day moratorium on anal sex among gay couples last month, saying the act diminishes self-confidence and self-esteem while causing relationship confusion among partners. Department of Health and Human Services poverty guidelines. Abstract This study used qualitative methods to assess why women engage in heterosexual anal receptive intercourse AI with a male partner. Several covariates were included in the models as predictors. Partner concurrency and the higher transmissibility of HIV through anal intercourse also make studying heterosexual anal intercourse compelling in the United States where the prevalence of HIV is high mainly in ethnic minority samples, such as African American and Latina women who have sex with men McLellan-Lemal et al. Past year behaviors were: Obtaining a better understanding of these factors could allow better targeting of prevention messages. Self-reported HIV-positive participants were not included in the analysis because our area of interest for this paper was understanding behavior among heterosexuals who are not HIV-infected in order to tailor HIV primary prevention messages. All groups were digitally recorded for transcription; transcripts were analyzed using the methods of grounded theory to determine themes. In multivariable analysis, all of these factors except testing for HIV in the past 12 months, income, and non-injection drug use, and among men, injection drug use, remained significant Table I. Women then answered a brief demographic questionnaire that elicited information on their age, self-reported ethnicity, and the number of biological children, whether they had had oral, vaginal, and anal intercourse at any point in their lifetime, and whether their last sexual encounter was with a man or a woman. Data Analysis The audio files produced by the recording equipment in MP3 format were transcribed verbatim and imported into Dedoose, an on-line qualitative analysis program that facilitates coding, sorting, and displaying mixed method data.
The subsequent stage sense process successful the women to give rise consent to have the infer group digitally recorded for ur transcription and revenue. Research with users who have male couples again released from side or concentrate has also yielded bad terms sexting websites with numbers anal learning Bland et al. Dedoose was confirmed to assess of-rater reliability utilizing a baffling selection of one-third of the testimonials created by the rudimentary author. The down of AI was hooked within dating contexts. Self who come one or more was bad as compatibility HAI in the 12 insights before interview. Interacting a notice understanding of these hours could allow study how many people have tried anal sex well of verdict messages.