Condoms and lubricants One of the most important prevention responses is to make high-quality condoms, along with water-based lubricants, available and accessible to men who have sex with men. Recognize domestic violence Domestic violence can affect anyone in an intimate relationship. As a result, men who have sex with men are less likely to access HIV services. The fact that HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men is so high in many countries means that members of this group have an increased chance of being exposed to the virus, due to mainly having sex within this group. And it should only be used along with other prevention strategies such as condom use every time you have sex.
Hepatitis C is not covered by any vaccine and can lead to liver failure, liver cancer and death. In 17 countries 'homosexual propaganda' is banned or 'morality laws' actively target public promotion or expression of same-sex and trans realities. One potential explanation is that, as a result of growing up with images of slender and effeminate gay men or men with muscular bodies, some gay and bisexual men worry excessively about their weight. Make routine health care a priority Don't let fear of homophobia or the stigma associated with homosexuality prevent you from seeking routine health care. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink, and don't use drugs. However, access varies greatly between regions and within countries. Peer training in the Philippines. Recognize domestic violence Domestic violence can affect anyone in an intimate relationship. The human papillomavirus HPV vaccine is available to men up to age Alcohol and drugs are a common part of socialising in some communities of men who have sex with men. For example, men who have sex with men on a higher income are more likely to be able to afford, and therefore access prevention initiatives, than those on a low income. Sign up now Health issues for gay men and men who have sex with men Understand important health issues for gay men and men who have sex with men — from sexually transmitted infections to depression — and get tips for taking charge of your health. Such laws have been introduced in recent years in countries including Russia, Lithuania and Nigeria. Testing is important because many people don't know they're infected, and others might not be honest about their health. Your doctor should also test for hepatitis B infection. Another reliable way to avoid sexually transmitted infections is to stay in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who isn't infected. Address body image concerns Gay men are more likely to experience body image problems and eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia nervosa, than are their straight counterparts. In some countries, gay bars and other known meeting places for men who have sex with men, such as bathhouses, provide and promote condoms and lubricants. In cases where sexual activity is prolonged there is also a concern that participants living with HIV may forget to take ART medication, or that those who are HIV negative will miss the hour window to be eligible for receiving post-exposure prophylaxis PEP after suspected exposure to HIV. Biological factors One major reason for high vulnerability to HIV among this group is that unprotected anal sex carries a higher risk of transmission than vaginal sex. Look for a doctor who puts you at ease. Not all sexually transmitted infections are prevented by vaccines, however. However, gay men and men who have sex with men have some specific health concerns. Local lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health, mental health, or community centers often provide substance abuse treatment. Explore this page to find out more about what factors put men who have sex with men at risk of HIV , HIV prevention programmes , HIV testing initiatives , using technology , access to antiretroviral treatment , barriers to prevention and the way forward for men who have sex with men.
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