Some states appear to apply "catch-all" statutes for former registrants moving into their jurisdiction, requiring registration and public posting of information, even when the person has completed their original registration period. Due process challenge[ edit ] In Connecticut Dept. A study found no evidence that New York's registry or notification laws reduced sexual offenses by rapists, child molesters, sexual recidivists, or first-time sex offenders.
In the United States[ edit ] In some localities in the United States, the lists of all sex offenders are made available to the public: Constitutionality[ edit ] U. In the United States offenders are often classified in three categories: The thought of getting on the sex offender registry may or may not deter non-sex offenders from committing sex crimes. In addition, registrants are often subject to restrictions that bar loitering, working or living within exclusion zones that sometimes cover entire cities and have forced registrants into encampments, such as the Julia Tuttle Causeway sex offender colony. In , a murder registry was proposed in Rhode Island and an animal abuser registry was proposed in Pennsylvania. It records the details of anyone convicted of a sexual offence against a child or a mentally disabled person. Depending on the nature of the offence, they may receive notice that their name will be added to the NSOR, and that they will be required to comply with the same reporting obligations under the SOIR Act. On July 25, , Doe number two prevailed and the Alaska Supreme Court ruled that the Alaska Sex Offender Registration Act's registration violated the ex post facto clause of the state's constitution and ruled that the requirement does not apply to persons who committed their crimes before the act became effective on August 10, However, in other localities, the complete lists are not available to the general public but are known to the police. Residency restrictions may even cause a sex offender's family to be homeless. The state of Washington is among those that have special provisions in their registration code covering homeless offenders, but not all states have such provisions. The sex offenders' register is expected to be operational by once enabling legislation is passed and changes are made to the Corrections Act to enable information sharing. This proposed register has received support from both the ruling National Party and the opposition Labour Party. In response to these rulings, in , several Missouri state Senators proposed an amendment to the Missouri Constitution that would exempt sex offender registration laws from bar on retrospective civil laws. The constitutionality of the registries was challenged in two ways: Anyone required to register with Canada's National Sex Offender Registry is required to comply with the following obligations: A person so ordered must register within 7 days, or if they are incarcerated for their crime, within 7 days from their release date. At least one state Illinois reclassifies all registrants moving in the state into the highest possible tier Sexual Predator , regardless of the original tier of the person, leading to a lifetime registration requirement and being publicly labelled as a "Sexual Predator". The main purpose of Canada's NSOR is to assist a police officer who is investigating, or to help prevent, a crime of a sexual nature. Some states appear to apply "catch-all" statutes for former registrants moving into their jurisdiction, requiring registration and public posting of information, even when the person has completed their original registration period. Sex offenders who have completed probation or parole may also be subject to restrictions above and beyond those of most felons. This made Agan question whether creating sex offender registries was a rational idea. Application to offenses other than felony sexual offenses[ edit ] Sex offender registration has been applied to crimes other than rape, child molestation, and child pornography offenses and is sometimes applied to certain non-sexual offenses. S states do not utilize risk assessment tools when determining ones inclusion on the registry, although studies have shown that actuarial risk assessment instruments, which are created by putting together risk factors found by research to correlate with re-offending, consistently outperform the offense based systems. However, the study also found that making sex offender registration publicly available may deter some potential first time sex offenders from committing an offense that would get them on the registry in the first place. A study found no evidence that New York's registry or notification laws reduced sexual offenses by rapists, child molesters, sexual recidivists, or first-time sex offenders.
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