During the twentieth century, agriculture has continued to be the economic driver of the region. In , the Illinois Legislature formed Massac County. The fort was severely damaged by the —12 New Madrid earthquakes.
Afterward the defeated French abandoned the fort, and many moved west of the Mississippi River to escape British rule. When the victorious British colonists arrived to take control of territory ceded by the French, the Chickasaw had already destroyed the fort. Rather than rebuild, the US military abandoned the facility in , as its forces were needed further west. It was years after Illinois was admitted as a free state that all such slaves gained their freedom. Local settlers scavenged the timbers and left little behind of the original construction materials. During the early years of the American Civil War , soldiers were encamped in the vicinity. Prior to the American Civil War , some groups worked to establish a Western District of Columbia , to include present-day Metropolis and the nearby area of Kentucky. For thousands of years, varying cultures of Native Americans populated the area. During the twentieth century, agriculture has continued to be the economic driver of the region. During the American Revolutionary War , the mostly ethnic French residents of the town were sympathetic to the rebels. The most complex society was the Mississippian culture , which reached its peak around AD and built a large city at Cahokia , near the Mississippi River and present-day Collinsville, Illinois , to the north opposite St. The McCartney family became leaders in building the town of Metropolis. Modern maps do not show a "Capitol City" on the Kentucky side. Despite this background, the state stayed with the Union during the war. Although Illinois was established as a free state, this section had many southern sympathizers. The fort was severely damaged by the —12 New Madrid earthquakes. History[ edit ] Located on the Ohio River , the Metropolis area has been settled by many different peoples throughout history. Tourism is one of the city's largest industries. An map illustrates this proposal. This section of the state was largely settled by migrants from the Upper South, and many brought slaves with them. The garrison at the fort was able to resist a Cherokee attack during the war. In , the Illinois Legislature formed Massac County. Mississippian culture regional centers arose throughout the Ohio and lower Mississippian valleys, where the rivers were part of widespread trading routes used for exchange with other cultures.
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