He was captured and arrested with the remaining mutineers by authorities in Kashmir and later hanged near the river Jhelum. For the past forty years it has been closed to the public and in poor condition, however it has since[ when? Although there is a difference of opinion as to how and where it started, it is almost certain that tent-pegging is a sport of Asian origin. Gakhars were the dominant race during the early Muslim era and they long continued to retain their independence, both in Jhelum itself and in the neighbouring district of Rawalpindi. The cantonment, which is 3 miles from the civil station, contains the church and post office.
These, which are equally popular, include tent pegging, volleyball, football, stone-lifting, and Kabaddi thousands of people flock to these local grand sporting events as keenly as the average sports fan anywhere in the world. They also passed laws preventing the native Gentry and Noblemen land owning rights, removing their ability to maintain or train cavalry. Further, they enacted Criminal Tribes Act to prevent the established warriors from training and breeding these horses. One source dates it use during the invasion of the Indus region by Alexander the Great in B. The population according to the census of India was 14, The cavalry soldiers of Alexander were believed to have used tent-pegging as a battle tactic against the elephants in the army of the Indian King Porus, who in Jhelum fought bravely against the invaders, lost the battle, but by virtue of his heroic demeanor, charmed Alexander to return Porus his kingdom and make him his friend. The native Marwari and Kathiawari breeds excel in the sport and many breeders are actively attempting to reintroduce the breed and the sport into the mainstream. In the early days they used the wooden pegs that they used to drive in the ground to hold the tents up; and then the other forms of the sport evolved from that. The most distinguishing features of the native pure bred horse are its lyre-shaped ears, which curve inward and often meet at the tips. The next major point in the history of the district was the Battle of the Hydaspes between Alexander and the local ruler, Porus. The railway bridge on the river Jhelum was built in by the British engineer William St. During the ten years ending —3 the receipts averaged Rs. A good deal of boat-building is carried on. The horses thrived through centuries of political turmoil, until the arrival of the British decimated the breed in the first half of the 20th century. Ancient vedic texts compiled over the period of early-to-mid 2nd to mid 1st millennium BCE describe the Jhelum area as being part of Kamboja kingdom, dominated by Hun or Gujjar or Gurjara warrior classes excelling at hand-to-hand combat, horsemanship and a mercenary attitude. Horse and rider in action, this animal went on to win Among all the sports, one of the most thrilling and adventurous is Tent Pegging, played in teams as well as solo. The events are usually lavishly sponsored by the UK based Pakistani diaspora and thousands of people come every year to see these events which take place over three days. In order to perfect this technique, the cavalry started the practice of tent-pegging which eventually turned into the modern sport. The British officers denigrated these local breeds as too undersized and hot tempered, importing shiploads of cheap Australian Whalers, thoroughbreds and polo ponies. The British although superior in numbers and weaponry were thoroughly defeated, It was the main reason why they later established Jhelum as a Garrison town. The cantonment, which is 3 miles from the civil station, contains the church and post office. This can be done individually or in a team. There is an established circuit of these melas that have been held annually for decades. With the passage of time it became Jhelum from "Ja-e-Alam". Regardless of its exact origin, tent-pegging is now a popular equestrian sport in many countries around the world. When the British took over India it was essential that this ability was removed from the natives. It comes in all colours, including piebald and skewbald The breeds most popular and proficient in the sport are the local native horses including the now well publiciesed Marwari horse and Kathiawari breeds.
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